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Philosophy 4914
Philosophy of Language
9:30-10:20 M W F 214 Coates
Exam 1 Test Help
Things to be able to define and/or explain:
 
semantic value (of name, predicate, sentential connective) [1.3]
Fregean sense (you must be explain the main properties of sense given in the relevant theses: that sense determines semantic value (given the way the world is) (8, with my parenthetical proviso!), that which is grasped in linguistic understanding (9, 10, 18), compositionality (11), transparency (12), that a sentence can have sense even if it lacks a semantic value (13), that, in a belief context, the (indirect) reference of a proper name is its customary sense (15), that the sense of a sentence is equivalent to a truth condition (that which determines whether a sentence is true or false, given the way the world is) (17), objectivity (19), normativity (20)) [1.4-2.3]
extensional [class]
intensional [class]
force [2.7]
tone [2.7]
wide scope [2.9]
narrow scope [2.9]
attributive use (and how this works in Donellan's theory) [2.12]
referential use (and how this works in Donellan's theory) [2.12]
 
Arguments to be able to explicate and evaluate: [Note: explication involves clearly explaining the premises, reasoning, and conclusion such that a smart undergraduate who had no knowledge of the relevant philosophy would understand what you are saying. Evaluation involves considering (even if ultimately to reject) the strongest possible reasons for taking the argument to either have one or more false premises or to have faulty reasoning.]
The problem of bearerless names as it motivates Frege's account of sense [2.1.1]
The problem of substitution into belief contexts as it motivates Frege's account of sense [2.1.2]
The problem of informativeness as it motivates Frege's account of sense as it motivates Frege's account of sense [2.1.3]
Problems about objectivity as they undermine Frege's account of sense, including which of Miller's numbered theses (11, 17) might be threatened [2.4.1]
Problems about sense and analysis as they undermine Frege's account of sense, including which of Miller's numbered theses (8, 12) might be threatened [2.4.2]
Problems about indirect reference and belief contexts as they undermine Frege's account of sense, including which of Miller's numbered theses (8, 15) might be threatened [2.4.3]
Problems about bearerless names as they undermine Frege's account of sense, including which of Miller's numbered theses (13) might be threatened [2.4.4]
Kripke's Naming and Necessity arguments against descriptive accounts of sense [2.5]

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